Satun is a province in the South of Thailand that borders
Malaysia. Situated on the west coast in the vicinity of the
Straits of Malacca in the Indian Ocean. Satun, is about 973
kilometers. Its total area of 2,478.98 square kilometers also
encompasses 105 islands. The mainland's shoreline extends
144.80 kilometers in length.
Prior to A.D. 1813, Satun was a district
of Kedah, known as Mukim Setul, meaning "the district
of santol tree" Historical , Satun had a strong link
with Kedah until A.D. 1909, under the Anglo-Siamese Agreement,
when the Siamese government then agreed to relinquish the
states of Kedah, Kelantan, Tregganu, and Perlis to Britain
in exchange for the British's renunciation of its Extra-territorial
Rights in Siam (former of Thailand). The consequence of the
Anglo-Siamese Agreement shifted the status of Satun from being
part of Kedah to that of Phuket and later in 1925 was under
the jurisdiction of Nakhon Si Thammarat. When decromatic reform
was one of the provinces in the South. Satun consists of six
adminstrative districts (Amphoe) and one subdistrict (King
amphoe): Amphoe Muang Satun, La-ngu, Thun Wa, Khuan Kalong,
Khuan Don, Tha Phae; and King Amphoe Manang. The unique bi-cultural
characteristics of the people in Satun reflect social harmony
among the people of two faiths: Buddhists and Muslims. In
addition, Satun also hosts the cultures of an indigenous group
called Chao Le (Orak Lawoi, Orang Laut or Sea Gypsies) or
an official label of Thai Mai (recently naturalized Thai)
whose settlements can be found on Lipeh Islands, Tambon Ko
Sarai, Amphoe Muang Satun; and on Bulone Island. These people
observe distinctively different cultures and traditions from
those of the local people.
Satun is the southernmost
province of Thailand on the west coast bordering Malaysia
and other Amphoes and province as follows:
||- Borders Amphoe Rattapoom of
Songkhla, Amphoe Pa bon of Phattalung and Amphoe Pa Lian
||- Borders Perlis of Malaysia.
||- Borders Amphoe Sadao of Songkhla
and Perlis of Malaysia.
|| - Borders Andaman Sea of India
Distance from Amphoe Muang Satun
to other Amphoe (districts)
- La-ngu : 50 kms.
- Tha Phae : 28 kms.
- Khuan Don : 20 kms.
- Khuan Ka-long : 29 kms.
- Thung Wa : 76 kms.
- Manang Subdistrict : 65 kms.